The Federal Budget Process and R&D Spending

Congress creates a new budget for our country every year. This annual congressional budget process is also called the appropriations process. Discretionary budget spending in 2015 equaled $1.1 trillion dollars. 1.18% (or $13.13 billion) went to agriculture and food. 2.67% (or $29.7 billion) went to science. 3.51% (or $39.14 billion) went to energy and environment. 5.93% (or 66.03 billion) went to medicine and health. 6.28% (or 69.98 billion) went to education.