The One Hundred-Fourteenth United States Congress is the current meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It is scheduled to meet in Washington, D.C. from now until January 3, 2017, during the final year of Barack Obama’s presidency. The federal budget process occurs in two stages: appropriations and authorizations. This is an appropriations bill, which sets overall spending limits by agency or program. (Authorizations direct how federal funds should or should not be used.) Appropriations are typically made for single fiscal years (October 1 through September 30 of the next year).
Congress returns to work next week for a “lame duck” session to finalize the fiscal year 2017 federal budget, including a proposed $2 billion increase for the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The appropriations bill that funds the NIH includes many additional subtopics- here we have highlighted the relevant science and technology funding:
According to a committee press release:
The agreement funds the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services at $76.9 billion, a $1.4 billion increase above FY2016, including cap adjustments.
National Institutes of Health (NIH) – $34 billion, an increase of $2 billion above FY2016. The bill includes:
• $300 million for the Precision Medicine Initiative, an increase of $100 million;
• $1.39 billion for Alzheimer’s disease research, an increase of $400 million;
• $250 million, an increase of $100 million, for the BRAIN Initiative to map the human brain;
• $333.4 million, an increase of $12.5 million, for the Institutional Development Award;
• $463 million, an increase of $50 million, to Combat Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria;
• $12.6 million for the Gabriella Miller Kids First Research Act;
• Increases to every Institute and Center to continue investments in innovative research that will advance fundamental knowledge and speed the development of new therapies, diagnostics, and preventive measures to improve the health of all Americans.
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